All the responses were positive towards experiential learning programs. All of the universities have adopted the experiential learning education methodology, although in different forms, such as industrial training, capstone project, and community service. Hence it can be expected that the importance of EL has been emphasized among all the universities.
In terms of partnership, almost all of the universities are looking for partner universities for better EL arrangement and development. Chulalongkorn University in Thailand was not so keen to build up more university connections as it had already had sufficient academic and social resources. The problem it was facing was that there were not enough teaching staff to cope with so many EL projects. Nevertheless, it is still the
mainstream voice of calling for partnership in establishing EL which can be conducted in more places, covering more subjects and attracting students of different background.
Universities in Cambodia are especially in need of partnership outside the country. They seemed to be eager to share their resources and look forward to student exchange programs.
For agriculture, some universities have agriculture department or a specific stream of agriculture study, where broad research and field study are carried out. Most extraordinarily, University of Battambang has worked closely with local farmers and offered them technical help if needed. In this regard, University of Battambang can be a suitable partner university for agricultural programs which take interests in subtropical farming, impact of climate changes on farming, anthropological study on Cambodian farmers, etc.
The foreseeable difficulties of partnership for EL project mainly lie in
a) the communication and agreement between teaching staff who propose the EL project together;
b) funding resources for students exchange and participation of EL project oversea;
c) how the quality of EL project can be assured to satisfy the requirements of different universities
The open and supportive attitude of all the universities towards a student-initiated investigation was highly appreciated. Through continuous contact and efforts, it is possible that a university community guided by MoU can be realised.